When I started The Prudent Plastic Surgeon, my promise was (and continues) to be 100% transparent and genuine in sharing my journey to financial well-being and independence. After all, what would be the point otherwise? That’s why this post will share my 100% real and actual personal tax plan!
Taxes are a bit of a black box
…For just about everyone. Physicians are no different. Often, we don’t know how taxes work or the best strategies to minimize them. Because remember, you have to pay exactly your fair share, but you don’t have to leave a tip.
My understanding of taxes started to change when I began to look at them as incentives. The government is setting out a bunch of rules that tell us, as citizens, how they want us to live.
Get married…tax credit.
Have kids…tax credit.
Invest in real estate…tax advantages.
And so on…
With this new perspective, I started to read and learn a bunch about a topic I previously found immensely boring…taxes. As an aside, I think Mike Piper’s books on the topic are fantastic and easy to read/understand if you are interested.
And last year, I filed my own taxes.
But this year, things got more challenging
Selenid and I started two side businesses. Both of which began to grow significantly. Our gross W2 income also increased significantly for tax purposes as we both made full employed salaries for the whole year compared to 2020 when half of the year we were still in training.
So, we used the “Who Not How” principle and found some help!
We found and started working with Alexis Gallati who runs Cerebral Tax Advisors. She subsequently helps us to create our personal tax plan for 2021 which will continue to evolve in 2022.
We loved her so much that she even became a sponsor of the blog!
My personal tax plan in its entirety
This is obviously a HUGE topic. That’s why I’ve broken it down below.
However, you can see every detail of my plan as well as expert explanations from Alexis by watching the below video recording reviewing my entire actual personal tax plan:
Breaking down my personal tax plan
In developing our tax strategy, Alexis focused on these main areas of tax savings opportunities:
- First, she looked at the issue of entity selection with my current business
- Second, she discussed my post-tax retirement contributions
- Third, she looked for any tax deductions we were qualified for but may have missed in previous years
- Fourth, she discusses tax reduction strategies to reach our charitable goals. We will take a look at each of these areas individually to help you understand the recommended strategies.
1. Entity Management
Alexis recommended I elect S-corporation status for Prudent Plastic Surgeon beginning in 2022.
In Alexis’ words:
“By structuring the business as an S-corporation, Jordan can pay himself a salary equal to his gross revenue in 2022 for reasonablecompensation and maximum retirement contribution purposes.
While you will still pay employment taxes (social security and medicare) on the salary, the distributions will be exempt from self-employment taxes creating substantial savings as earnings increase over time.
Alexis recommends having a Reasonable Compensation Analysis Report on file for your future reference and to substantiate your salary in front of the IRS.”
An important note is that New York State does not recognize the federal S-corporation election. So, in addition to the federal S-election form, you must also file a New York election form.
Changing my business from a sole proprietorship to an S-corporation will save me approximately $10,467 a year.
2. Retirement Contributions – Defined Benefit Plan
Using the S-corporation structure for the Prudent Plastic Surgeon will allow me to open a retirement plan (cash balance plan with 401K Profit Sharing Plan) to contribute more to retirement than I would with any other retirement plan.
The goal would be to contribute about $89,679 on an annual basis to Jordan’s retirement plan according to the Funding Illustration created by ERISA Services (third party administrator).
This is the current estimated maximum contribution. However, you do not have to contribute the maximum amount to realize tax savings.
It is important to point out that I will need to fund your defined benefit plan for a minimum of three years and keep the plan open for a minimum of five years.
The estimated cost to set up the plan is $2,500 and the annual maintenance is $3,750 through ERISA Services.
Implementing a defined benefit plan and contributing the maximum amount will result in an estimated annual tax savings of $36,623.
3. Augusta Rule
The 14 day home rental rule, also known as the Augusta Rule, allows homeowners to rentout their home for up to 14 days per year without needing to report the rental income on their individual tax return.
So long as the home you own is not your primary place of business, you can rent it out for up to 14 days and not report that income on your individual tax return.
The rent you charge must be reasonable and in line with what the rental market supports; charging $1,000 per night when comparable houses rent for $200 per night is not reasonable!
We would rent our home to our business for various business-related purposes, such as company parties or monthly and annual corporate meetings. It is critical to document the meetings for business intent.
Assuming a $167 per day fair rental value, you will save approximately $875 a year in tax by implementing this strategy.
4. Hidden Business Deductions
“Hidden business deductions” are deductions for your business. They involve identifying potential business expenses and using them as deductions in your corporation.
Suggestions for hidden business deductions are home office deduction, travel per diem, charitable contributions, and meal per diems.
For any business expenses you paid for out of personal funds that will need to be reimbursed by your business, you will need to establish an Accountable Plan.
You will need to submit receipts and a reimbursement form on a monthly or quarterly basis and your business will reimburse you for your business expenses paid out of your personal accounts.
This strategy results in an estimated tax savings of $5,439 per year.
5. Land Conservation Easements
To align with our charitable endeavors, Alexis recommended we consider investing in land conservation easements (LCE) depending on your risk tolerance.
LCEs are listed transactions and on the IRS’s “radar” for tax abuse. It is important to work with a vendor who follows therules although those rules have been loosely defined by the IRS.
Alexis recommends finding investments that include LCEs but also other alternative investments within the same partnership.
LCEs allow you to invest in land which will be conserved from being developedand provide you a charitable contribution that lowers your taxable income by up to 50% of youradjusted gross income and, thus, lowers your taxable liability.
However, by combining it with other alternative investments within the same partnership, you create potential residual income from those other investments. This helps to alleviate the argument that the partnership was only created with the charitable deduction in mind.
By maxing out our LCE investment, it will produce an additional $33,113 a year in tax savings depending on the passing of new tax proposals.
What is not included in this personal tax plan
You will notice that certain aspects of a typical tax savings plan are not included here. Things like:
- Maximizing our 403b retirement accounts
- Claiming standard child tax credits
That’s because these are standard pieces of advice that you probably don’t need the services of a tax management strategist for. We were doing all of these things before!
Selenid and I also are using Real Estate Professional Status (REPS) to take advantage of accelerated depreciation of our rental properties to generate tax savings.
Again, Alexis left this out since we were doing this before we enlisted her services although she will be helping us to document and utilize these tax benefits!
You can read all about how REPS will help us with tax savings with even just one rental property here.
The advantage of utilizing tax strategists like Alexis
I love personal finance. I even loved reading about taxes. But advanced tax strategies like this are very complicated. I understand them. But that is no guarantee that they get implemented or reported correctly.
And the stakes are high. And that is where Alexis and her services come in!
Do I think every physician needs a tax strategist? Absolutely not! If you are a W2 employee looking to take your basic credits and move on, honestly you should be able to file your own taxes.
But, if you are looking to use more advanced strategies or have more complicated tax structures in your practice, then Alexis and her team can really help you out like she did for me!
Looking for more basic tax strategies?
You can also learn more about ways that W2 physicians like me can manage our tax burden here!
What do you think? Do you have a personal tax plan? What does it include? Do you have someone help you? Why or why not? Let me know in the comments below!